我科学家揭示灵长类动物的重层社会结构

本报北京8月27日电(记者周梦爽)泛亚电竞灵长类的进化,经历了6500万年的历史。在这个漫长的过程中,包括人类在内的少数灵长类,演化出了一种复杂、特殊的重层社会结构: 家庭不再独立生存,而是多个家庭通过血缘关系,形成氏族;氏族聚集在一起形成村落;多个村落彼此联系,形成更大的部落。

jinri,xibeidaxueqixiaoguangjiaoshouyuaodaliyaxiaodaxue、deguolingzhangleizhongxinhemeiguomixiegendaxuedeyanjiurenyuanyidao,shouyaozaishengtaixuelingyudingjiqikan《jinhuayushengtaixuejinzhan》fabiaozongshuwenzhang《dongwudezhongcengshehui》。zuoweigaiwentongxunzuozhe,qixiaoguangdengkexuejiaxitongchanshuleyijinsihouweidaibiaodelingzhangleidongwudezhongcengshehuideqiyuan、benzhitezheng、yanhuaguocheng、weichijizhiyijiduiyudongwushiyingfuzaduobianhuanjingdegongnengyiyi。

zhangqiyilai,xifangxuezheyizhirenwei,lingzhangleidezhongcengshehuiqiyuanyufeizhoufeifeizuxiandeduofuduoqizhishequn。qixiaoguangtuanduiyiqinlingchuanjinsihouweizhuyaoyanjiuduixiang,fanyadianjinglezhangda20niandeyewaiyanjiu,caiyongpixiaxinpianmaizhi、gpsdingweiheweixingyaogandengxinjishu,chenggongfaxianlejinsihoudutedesicengshizhongcengshehuijiegou。zheiyifaxiandapolexifangxuezhejinbangeshijilai,duilingzhangleizhongcengshehuiduoyangxinghejinhualujingdechuantongdanyirenshi,duilejierenleizaoqishehuideqiyuanyubianqianjuyouzhongyaoqishiyiyi。

qixiaoguangjieshi,zaichuanjinsihoudeshehuijiegouzhong,getitongguopeiouguanxizuchengyifuduoqizhijiatingdanyuan;guanggunxiongxinggenjuqinyuanzuchengquanxiongdanyuan;duogejiatinggongtongqushi、xiuxi,xingchengfanzhifendui;fanzhifenduihequanxiongfenduizaitongyiquyuhuodong,zhengduofanzhijihui,xingchengqunzu;duogequnzuzaitedingdejijiefenli-juhe,xingchenggengdadeshequn,getishuliangkeda100~200zhi。

“dajiatongchangrenwei,houqunliyidinghuiyouhouwang,danqinlingchuanjinsihouzhongbingmeiyouzheiyangdeguanlizhe。”qixiaoguangjieshao,qinlingchuanjinsihoudeshehuishiyouduogeyifuduoqizhidejiatingdanyuanzuchengde,yizhichengnianxionghoukeyiyongyouduozhicixing,zheiyangdexionghouwomenchengzhiweizhuxionghuojiazhang。zhuxiongdetihuanguochengzhong,xionghoujiandedadoubingbuqijuedingxingzuoyong,yinweicixinghuixuanzezijixinyidexionghoubingjiarutadejiating,huojianlixinjia。

泛亚电竞erxiaoxionghoumendaduohuizaixingchengshuqianhoubeizhuxiongquzhuchujiating,gongtongzuchengquanxiong“guanggunqun”。tamenyoudangzaijiatingqunzhouwei,sijizhengduofanzhijihui。meidang“guanggunqun”kaojinshi,jiatingqundezhuxiongmenjiuhuilianheqilai,quganruqinzhe。“liangqunjiandejingzhengrutongbaishouwanyiyang,shuangfangzaiduishoubianqiangdetongshizijiyebiandegengjiaqiangda。zheikenengshiqinlingchuanjinsihoucongdangejiatingjuhexingchengfuzashehuideyouyinzhiyi。”qixiaoguangshuo。

qinlingdiqusenlinfugailvjiaogao,dandaolu、nongtianyu20shijidesenlinkanfazaochengleqixidiposuihua,shidejinsihouxingchenghenduogulizhongqun。raneryanjiutuanduifenxifaxian,tamendeyichuanduoyangxingbingweisangshi。zheishiyouyuzhongcengshehuijiegouxiadeguanggunqungetilaiziyubutongdefanzhiqun,dangtamenxingchengshuhou,buyidinghuihuidaoyuanlaidechushengqunzhong,ershisuijiqianyi,dailailejiyinliu,chenggongbimianlejinjiaoshuaitui。

泛亚电竞“jingguodaguimodeshengtaibaohugongcheng,qinlingchuanjinsihouzhongqunshuliangyiyou20shiji4000duozhi,zhubufuzhuangdaomuqian39geshequn6000yuzhi,danrengmianlinzhezhongqunxiangduiguli、yichuanduoyangxingyoudaitigaodengtiaozhan。”qixiaoguangshuo,ruhegenghaodibaohuzheiyiguobao,congerdaidongzhenggeqinlingshengtaixitongdejiankangfazhan,shixiayibudezhongdianyanjiujihua。


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